The 6th and 8th Decem­ber are both na­tional hol­i­days.

6th December

The 6th Decem­ber is Con­sti­tu­tion Day. Con­sti­tu­tion Day (Día de la Con­stitu­ción) marks the an­niversary of the ref­er­en­dum held in Spain on Decem­ber 6, 1978.  In this ref­er­en­dum, a new con­sti­tu­tion was ap­proved for Spain. This was an im­port­ant step in Spain’s trans­ition to be­com­ing a con­sti­tu­tional mon­archy and demo­cracy.

Franco was head of state in Spain from April 1, 1939, un­til Novem­ber 20, 1975. After he died, Spain needed a new con­sti­tu­tion and so polit­ical sys­tem and elec­tions were held on June 15, 1977. After a new par­lia­ment was formed, a new con­sti­tu­tion was drawn up and ap­proved by 88 per­cent of the people of Spain in a ref­er­en­dum on Decem­ber 6, 1978. So as a trans­ition from a dic­tat­or­ship to mod­ern day Spain, it is a fairly im­port­ant an­niversary. It is gen­er­ally cel­eb­rated with a quiet re­lax­ing family day at home . 

As there is another national holiday on the 8th December, people often take the few days off, known as a “Puente” or bridge. This year, the 6th falls on a Friday so you will find the whole weekend (apart from the pre-Christmas festivities) pretty quiet.

8th December

The 8th Decem­ber is a Holy­day Day of Ob­lig­a­tion of the Im­macu­late Con­cep­tion of Mary (La In­macu­lada Con­cep­ción de la Vir­gen María). The reason it is 8th Decem­ber is that Pope Pius IX is­sued a doc­u­ment stat­ing the im­port­ance of the Im­macu­late Con­cep­tion in the Cath­olic Church, on Decem­ber 8, 1854.

Many people think Im­macu­late Con­cep­tion is re­fer­ring to the con­cep­tion of Christ through the Holy Spirit, but it is not (that is ac­tu­ally cel­eb­rated on 25th March). The Feast of the Im­macu­late Con­cep­tion refers to the be­lief that Je­sus’ mother Mary was con­ceived without sin and that God chose her to be Je­sus’s mother. Many Chris­ti­ans and Cath­ol­ics at­tend spe­cial church ser­vices on this day and it is a na­tional bank hol­i­day in many coun­tries.

Spain has the same amount of bank hol­i­days each year (eight Na­tional ones and four days that are par­tic­u­lar to each re­gion so 12 in total). In addition, each toen will have 2 more local holiday dates.